EL PASO POLYCHROME POTTERY
EL PASO POLYCHROME POTTERY. El Paso polychrome pottery is a red, black, and brown ware produced by Indian workmen between A.D. 1200 and 1600. The type locality is the Hueco basin northeast of El Paso, Texas. Though common within a radius of 100 miles of El Paso, the pottery is most abundant in the type area and the southern portion of the adjacent Tularosa basin, New Mexico. The workmanship is crude both in the vessels and in the application of paint. The clay is grayish brown to black, sand-tempered, and friable. Sand, frequently quite coarse, may be visible on the surface. Vessels include ollas, jars, bowls, and, more rarely, ladles, zoomorphic forms, and erratically shaped pieces. The shoulders of ollas and jars are thin, remarkably so in some instances, with surface smoothing accomplished by wiping or rubbing. The brown to reddish base color is applied either by a thin wash or, more probably, by a float. The decoration on the brown background is red and black. The red paint varies from bright to dull and is thin on some pieces. Since the black is a carbon paint, it is more uniform in intensity, except when over-fired. Designs are geometric, made up of parallel lines and stepped elements with some use of circles, arcs, and massed colors. Ollas and jars are decorated on the shoulder, on the neck, and often on the inner lip. The interiors and rims of bowls and ladles are decorated, while odd-shaped vessels are painted in a manner consistent with their shape.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, W. S. Strain, "El Paso Polychrome Pottery," accessed June 27, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bce01.
Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.