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ANCHOSE INDIANS. The Anchose (Anchosa) Indians are known from a Spanish document of 1748 that lists the names of twenty-five Indian groups of east central and southeastern Texas who had asked for missions in that general area. About half the names on this list, including Anchose, cannot be identified. The identifiable groups include Caddoans, Tonkawans, Atakapans, and Karankawans.


Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century: Studies in Spanish Colonial History and Administration (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1915; rpt., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970). Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46). Juan Agustín Morfi, History of Texas, 1673–1779 (2 vols., Albuquerque: Quivira Society, 1935; rpt., New York: Arno, 1967).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "ANCHOSE INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.