Members Only Area
Bookmark and Share
sidebar menu icon


APAPAX INDIANS. This name is known from a document of 1748 that lists twenty-five Indian groups of east central and southeastern Texas that had asked for missions in that general area. About half of the names on this list, including Apapax, cannot be further identified. The remainder denote groups identifiable as Caddoans (including Wichita), Tonkawans, Atakapans, and Karankawans. The name Apapax bears some resemblance to Atakapa, but this may be fortuitous.

Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1915; rpt., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970). Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46).
Thomas N. Campbell

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Apapax Indians," accessed October 22, 2016,

Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.