BAGUAM INDIANS. In 1675 the Baguam Indians were identified in a Coahuila document as a hunting and gathering people who lived in the Sierra de Dacate some seventy-five miles north of the Eagle Pass section of the Rio Grande. The sierra referred to must have been a part of the eroded southern margin of the Edwards Plateau. This would place the Baguam in or near the site of modern Kinney County. The name of these Indians is sometimes given as Bagnam, a misreading of Baguam. The Baguams are evidently the Indians recorded as Pagaiam by Juan Domínguez de Mendoza in 1684, when he was encamped for six weeks in the western part of the Edwards Plateau. Some writers have speculated that the Baguam language was either Coahuilteco or Tonkawa, but this assumes that no other languages were spoken in their area. The primary documents do not contain enough information to permit linguistic classification. Since the Baguams are not mentioned in documents written after 1684, their ethnic identity was probably lost before 1700.
Vito Alessio Robles, Coahuila y Texas en la época colonial (Mexico City: Editorial Cultura, 1938; 2d ed., Mexico City: Editorial Porrúa, 1978). Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "BAGUAM INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmb16), accessed February 11, 2016. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles