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BAPACORA INDIANS. This poorly documented Indian group, evidently not the same as the Bacora Indians, was first recorded as living in northern Coahuila more or less due north of modern Monclova and not far from the Rio Grande. In some secondary sources, through clerical error, the names Bapacora and Pinanaca were combined to give the hybrid name, Bapacorapinanaca. The Bapacoras also seem to have ranged northward across the Rio Grande, for in 1693 Joseph Francisco Marn entered their name on a long list of Indian groups said to be living north of the Rio Grande in what is now western Texas. At that time, according to Marn, all of these groups were being threatened by Apaches. The most likely Texas location of the Bapacoras in 1693 would be in the Eagle Pass-Del Rio area. What language they spoke is not known.


William B. Griffen, Culture Change and Shifting Populations in Central Northern Mexico (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1969). Charles W. Hackett, ed., Historical Documents Relating to New Mexico, Nueva Vizcaya, and Approaches Thereto, to 1773 (3 vols., Washington: Carnegie Institution, 1923–37).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "BAPACORA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.