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CAGAYA INDIANS. This name occurs in a single Spanish missionary report of 1691, which lists eight groups that lived some eighty leagues southwest of the Hasinai Indians of eastern Texas. The Jumano (Chuman) Indians are named on this list. The Cagayas may be the same as the Caynaayas, named in another document of the same year, along with Jumanos and Cíbolas, as having been seen hunting bison near the Guadalupe River east of San Antonio. If the Cagayas and Caynaayas were the same, then the Cagayas can be identified as Indians of Trans-Pecos Texas, the designated home of the Caynaaya, Cibola, and Jumano Indians.


Herbert E. Bolton, "The Jumano Indians in Texas, 1650–1771," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 15 (July 1911). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "CAGAYA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 25, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.