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CAGUATE INDIANS. The Caguate (Caguase, Caguaze) Indians lived along the Rio Grande valley below El Paso in the late sixteenth century. Some writers regard the Caguates as a Jumano band; others suggest that Caguate was probably an early name for the Sumas, who occupied that area in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The status of the Caguates remains in doubt.

J. Charles Kelley, "Factors Involved in the Abandonment of Certain Peripheral Southwestern Settlements," American Anthropologist 54 (July-September 1952). Diego Pérez de Luxán, Expedition into New Mexico Made by Antonio de Espejo, 1582–1583, trans. George Peter Hammond and Agapito Rey (Los Angeles: Quivira Society, 1929). Carl Sauer, The Distribution of Aboriginal Tribes and Languages in Northwestern Mexico (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1934).
Thomas N. Campbell

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Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Caguate Indians," accessed October 20, 2016,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.