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CAIMANE INDIANS. The Caimane Indians are known from a Spanish document of 1683 that does not clearly identify their area, although it seems to have been east of the Pecos River. Their name bears some similarity to Camama, the name of a band, presumable Coahuiltecan, known only from eighteenth-century records pertaining to San José y San Miguel de Aguayo Mission at San Antonio. As yet the two groups cannot otherwise be linked.


Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "CAIMANE INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed August 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.