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CAISQUETEBANA INDIANS. The Caisquetebana Indians are known only from records of Alonso De León's various expeditions to the Texas coast in search of La Salleqv's Fort St. Louis. In 1690 De Leon visited a small settlement of these Indians north of Matagorda Bay and between the Guadalupe and Colorado rivers. The name suggests the possibility of linkage with the Caai Indians, reported in 1691 as living southwest of the Hasinais, and also the Caiasbans, named in the 1687 documents of the La Salle expedition as enemies of the Kadohadachos on the Red River. These identifications cannot be demonstrated. If the names all refer to the same group of Indians, then a considerable north-south range is indicated. The affiliations of these groups remain unknown.


Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). Pierre Margry, ed., Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l'ouest et dans le sud de l'Amérique septentrionale, 1614–1754 (6 vols., Paris: Jouast, 1876–86). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "CAISQUETEBANA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed October 10, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.