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CANU INDIANS. In a Spanish missionary report of 1691 the Canu Indians were mentioned as living about eighty leagues southwest of the Hasinais of eastern Texas. Although there is no proof, the Canus may have been the same as the Canas, one of the Coahuiltecan groups for which San José y San Miguel de Aguayo Mission was founded at San Antonio in 1720. Some writers have assumed that the Canas were the same as the Sanas, but there is little evidence to support this identification.


Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46). Gaspar José de Solís, "Diary," trans. Margaret Kenny Kress, Southwestern Historical Quarterly 35 (July 1931). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "CANU INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.