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CAULA INDIANS. The Caula Indians were one of twenty Indian groups that joined Juan Domínguez de Mendoza on his journey from El Paso to the vicinity of present San Angelo in 1683–1684. Since Mendoza did not indicate at what point the Caulas joined his party, it is impossible to determine their range or affiliations. However, the Indians between the Pecos River and the San Angelo area were being hard pressed by Apache Indians at that time, and it seems likely that the Caulas ranged between these two localities.


Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959).

Thomas N. Campbell

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Thomas N. Campbell, "CAULA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed December 01, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.