CAVA INDIANS. The Cava (Caba, Cagua, Caouache, Lava) Indians lived on the coastal plain north of Matagorda Bay and between the Guadalupe and Colorado rivers in the late seventeenth century and during the first half of the eighteenth century. When encountered by Europeans they were usually occupying settlements jointly with other groups, especially Cantona, Emet, Sana, Toho, and Tohaha Indians. Between 1740 and 1750 some of the Cavas entered San Antonio de Valero Mission at San Antonio. The linguistic and cultural affiliations of the Cava Indians are still debatable. Most writers have said that the Cavas were probably Tonkawan; however, others have suggested either a Karankawan or a Coahuiltecan affiliation. Attempts to link the Cava Indians with various groups encountered by the La Salle party, such as Kabaye and Kouyam Indians, are not very convincing.
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Cava Indians," accessed September 30, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmc41.
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