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COAQUE INDIANS. The Coaque (Caoque, Cadoque, Cahoque, Capoque, Cayoque, Coaqui) Indians were encountered by Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca in 1528 on the Texas coast. They occupied one end of an island that is usually identified as Galveston Island. The Coaques have been consistently identified with the Coco Indians, who were first known over 150 years later, at which time they lived on both sides of the Colorado River near the coast. It cannot be proved conclusively that these two names refer to the same people. A better case can be made for identification of the Coaque with the Akokisa Indians, who in the eighteenth century lived in the vicinity of Galveston Bay. Both occupied the same area, and there are phonetic similarities in the names.


Adolph F. Bandelier, ed., The Journey of Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and His Companions from Florida to the Pacific, 1528–1536 (New York: Barnes, 1905). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "COAQUE INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 27, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.