COLORADO INDIANS. The Spanish name Colorado, meaning "red" or "painted," was given to many Indian groups in the New World, but only one of those can be related to the Texas area. The Colorados of northern Mexico were identified by the Spanish in the late seventeenth century. According to Spanish documentation, they were one of many tribes who inhabited the region between the city of Durango and La Junta de los Ríos, the junction of the Río Conchos and the Rio Grande near the site of present Presidio, Texas. The Colorados apparently ranged over the northern portions of the Mexican states of Coahuila and Chihuahua. In 1688 that tribe, along with the Tobosos and Cabezas, participated in an uprising against the Spanish settlements along the Texas-Coahuila border. The Jumanos and Terocodames, two groups from the Texas side of the Rio Grande, also joined in that revolt.
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Carol A. Lipscomb, "Colorado Indians," accessed February 22, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmc71.
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