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HAQUI INDIANS. The Haqui (Aqui, Hake, Hakesian) Indians are known only from records of the La Salle expedition, which clearly indicate that at the close of the seventeenth century they lived in northeastern Texas between the Hasinai tribes and the Kadohadachos on the Red River (later Texarkana area). The Haquis probably lived in the valley of either the Sabine River or the Sulphur River. It has been suggested that they were the same as the Adais (Adaes), but this has not been demonstrated. At this time the Adai Indians, a Caddoan people, were reported to be living on the Red River in northwestern Louisiana. However, it seems likely that the Haquis were Caddoan.


Isaac Joslin Cox, ed., The Journeys of René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (2 vols., New York: Barnes, 1905; 2d ed., New York: Allerton, 1922). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Henri Joutel, Joutel's Journal of La Salle's Last Voyage (London: Lintot, 1714; rpt., New York: Franklin, 1968).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "HAQUI INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 28, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.