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JUNCAL INDIANS. Juncal (Juncataguo, Juncata, Junced, Zuncal) Indians were one of five bands of Coahuiltecan Indians encountered by José de Escandón in the middle eighteenth century near the site of future Corpus Christi. At this time the Juncals were also referred to as Carrizo, a name commonly applied by the Spanish to Coahuiltecan bands along the Rio Grande below Laredo. During the same period Juncal families entered San Antonio de Valero Mission at San Antonio.


Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1915; rpt., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Gabriel Saldivar, Archivo de la historia de Tamaulipas, México (1946). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "JUNCAL INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed August 01, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.