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JUNCED INDIANS. For nearly a century Junced has been regarded as the name of an Indian group represented at San Antonio de Valero Mission of San Antonio. J. R. Swanton included Junced in his list of Indian groups who probably spoke the Coahuilteco language. It now appears that there never was an Indian group known by this name. Junced does not appear in any document except the Valero baptismal register, and it appears there only once. In 1718 it was given as the ethnic affiliation of Juan Pasqual, who in baptismal entries for 1719 was twice referred to as a Jumi Indian, which is a known variant of the ethnic name Hume. It seems clear that Juan Pasqual was a Hume Indian. The missionary who wrote the register entry for 1718 evidently garbled the name, which was corrected in the entries for 1719.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). San Antonio de Valero Mission, Baptismal and Burial Registers, San Antonio. J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "JUNCED INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 28, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.