KICHAI INDIANS. The Kichais, a Caddoan Indian tribe linguistically related to the Pawnees, were on the upper waters of the Red River in Louisiana and as far south as the headwaters of the Trinity River in Texas by 1701. In 1719 Jean Baptiste Bénard de La Harpe met the Kichai Indians on the Canadian River en route to New Mexico to fight the Apaches. The tribe was reduced in numbers by disease and participation in conflicts among the French, Spanish, and English. By 1772 their main village of thirty houses and eight warriors was located near the site of future Palestine. A second village was south of the main village in 1778. In 1855 the Kichais, with several other small tribes, were assigned to the Brazos Indian Reservation. In 1858 they fled north to Indian Territory and joined the Wichitas, whom they resembled in agricultural methods and general customs.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, "Kichai Indians," accessed February 27, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmk08.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.