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KOUYAM INDIANS. The Kouyam (Kavagan, Kouyan, Kouayan, Kouayon) Indians are known only from records of the La Salle expedition, which indicate that in the late seventeenth century these Indians lived inland north or perhaps northeast of Matagorda Bay not far from the Colorado River. The Kouyams have been confused with the Kouans, whose name also occurs on the same French list of tribes living in the area. Both Kouyam and Kouan Indians have been identified with the Cujanes, a Karankawan tribe that, according to later Spanish sources, lived in the same area. These identifications have not been demonstrated conclusively. On the basis of sound correspondences in the names, identification of Kouan with Cujane seems more plausible.


Isaac Joslin Cox, ed., The Journeys of René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (2 vols., New York: Barnes, 1905; 2d ed., New York: Allerton, 1922). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Henri Joutel, Joutel's Journal of La Salle's Last Voyage (London: Lintot, 1714; rpt., New York: Franklin, 1968).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "KOUYAM INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed October 09, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.