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MAHUAME INDIANS. The Mahuame (Mayhuam) Indians were first recorded in 1674 as living in northeastern Coahuila, but they were also seen near the Rio Grande and probably crossed the river at times to hunt on the Texas side. In 1699 some of the Mahuames entered San Juan Bautista Mission near the site of present Eagle Pass. It is possible that the Mahuames were the same as the Merhuan Indians, who were at San Antonio de Valero Mission in San Antonio, but there is no proof of this. Herbert E. Bolton once suggested that the Mahuames may have been the same as Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca's Mariame Indians of the Texas coast. This identification has not been accepted.


Carlos E. Castañeda, Our Catholic Heritage in Texas (7 vols., Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1936–58; rpt., New York: Arno, 1976). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Francis Borgia Steck, "Forerunners of Captain de León's Expedition to Texas, 1670–1675," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 36 (July 1932).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "MAHUAME INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed October 10, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.