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MAPOCH INDIANS. This name is connected with the Texas area by a Spanish document of 1693, which lists the Mapochs as one of fifty "nations" that lived north of the Rio Grande "between Texas and New Mexico." This may be interpreted to mean the southern part of western Texas, since the name was collected near the site of present Presidio, Texas, and the same document mentions that the Apaches were at war with the groups named. Although it cannot be proved, there may be a connection between these Mapoch Indians and the Mapochs recorded at Parras, Coahuila, in 1634–35. Mapochi also appears as the name of an Indian leader (Galivan or Ocome) in western Coahuila during the second half of the seventeenth century.


William B. Griffen, Culture Change and Shifting Populations in Central Northern Mexico (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1969). Charles W. Hackett, ed., Historical Documents Relating to New Mexico, Nueva Vizcaya, and Approaches Thereto, to 1773 (3 vols., Washington: Carnegie Institution, 1923–37).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "MAPOCH INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 26, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.