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OPOSME INDIANS. The Oposme (Oposime, Oposine, Opoxme) Indians, apparently a Concho band, lived on both sides of the Rio Grande in the vicinity of present Presidio in the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Their main settlement, known as San Francisco de la Junta, was on the south bank of the Rio Grande near the mouth of the Conchos River. In the late eighteenth century the Oposmes lost their identity in the Spanish-speaking population of northern Chihuahua.


Charles W. Hackett, ed., Historical Documents Relating to New Mexico, Nueva Vizcaya, and Approaches Thereto, to 1773 (3 vols., Washington: Carnegie Institution, 1923–37). J. Charles Kelley, "Factors Involved in the Abandonment of Certain Peripheral Southwestern Settlements," American Anthropologist 54 (July-September 1952). J. Charles Kelley, "The Historic Indian Pueblos of La Junta de Los Rios," New Mexico Historical Review 27, 28 (October 1952, January 1953). Carl Sauer, The Distribution of Aboriginal Tribes and Languages in Northwestern Mexico (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1934).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "OPOSME INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 27, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.