ORCAN INDIANS. The Orcan Indians are known only from documents of the La Salle expedition, which indicate that in the late seventeenth century these people lived inland well to the north of Matagorda Bay, probably near the Brazos River or between the Brazos and Trinity rivers. In some editions of Henri Joutel's journal the names of two groups, Orcan and Piou, were erroneously combined to give a hybridized name, Orcampion or Orcampiou, which in later Spanish publications came out as Orcamipia. The linguistic and cultural affiliations of the Orcan and Piou remain undetermined. It has been suggested that the Orcan Indians may have been the same as the Ebahamos, but no evidence can be found to support this interpretation.
Isaac Joslin Cox, ed., The Journeys of René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (2 vols., New York: Barnes, 1905; 2d ed., New York: Allerton, 1922). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Henri Joutel, Joutel's Journal of La Salle's Last Voyage (London: Lintot, 1714; rpt., New York: Franklin, 1968).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Orcan Indians," accessed February 13, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmo11.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles