PACHALAQUE INDIANS. The Pachalaque (Pachalaca, Pachalate) Indians were associated with Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña Mission in San Antonio, which they began to enter as early as 1733. Their aboriginal range is unknown, but it is suspected that they came from the area south or southwest of San Antonio. Swanton listed them as probable Coahuiltecan speakers. The Pachalaque Indians are not to be confused with the Pajalat Indians, who were also at Concepción Mission, as well as at nearby San Francisco de la Espada Mission. The separateness of Pachalaque and Pajalat Indians is supported by mission records, which list individuals of both groups on the same page and include one reference to the marriage of a Pachalaque Indian to a Pajalat. However, the similarities in the names Pachalaque and Pachaloco raise questions of possible identity that cannot be answered at present.
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Pachalaque Indians," accessed January 17, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmp05.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.