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PACHAQUE INDIANS

PACHAQUE INDIANS. In 1675 the Pachaque (Pachaga, Pachajuen, Pachaquen, Pachoque, Parchaque, and other variants) Indians ranged northeastern Coahuila, especially that part between the Rio Sabinas and the Rio Grande, and in 1690–91 they were also recorded as living in the same area. In the first half of the eighteenth century some of the Pachaques found their way to two missions of San Antonio-Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña and San Antonio de Valero. Although the names are similar, the Pachaque Indians do not seem to have been the same as the Paachiquis, who lived south of the Edwards Plateau in Texas and were associated with a different set of Coahuiltecan bands.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
Vito Alessio Robles, Coahuila y Texas en la época colonial (Mexico City: Editorial Cultura, 1938; 2d ed., Mexico City: Editorial Porrúa, 1978). Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). Lino Gómez Canedo, ed., Primeras exploraciones y poblamiento de Texas, 1686–1694 (Monterrey: Publicaciones del Instituto Technológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, 1968). Mattie Alice Hatcher, trans., The Expedition of Don Domingo Terán de los Ríos into Texas, ed. Paul J. Foik (Preliminary Studies of the Texas Catholic Historical Society 2.1 [1932]). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). P. Otto Maas, ed., Viajes de Misioneros Franciscanos a la conquista del Nuevo México (Seville: Imprenta de San Antonio, 1915). Richard Santos, "A Preliminary Survey of the San Fernando Archives," Texas Libraries 28 (Winter 1966–67). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).
Thomas N. Campbell

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Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Pachaque Indians," accessed July 29, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmp07.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.