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PALAQUESSON INDIANS. The Palaquesson (Alakea, Palaquessou, Palaquechaune, Paloguesson) Indians are known only from the records of the La Salle expedition, which indicate that in the latter part of the seventeenth century these Indians lived southwest of the Hasinai tribes, probably between the Brazos and Trinity rivers in the general vicinity of present Grimes County. At this time the Palaquessons made their living by hunting bison and growing corn, and they were reported as living in ten villages. La Salle thought that their language resembled that of the Hasinais, whom he had previously visited, and this suggests that the Palaquesson Indians were Caddoans.


Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Henri Joutel, Joutel's Journal of La Salle's Last Voyage (London: Lintot, 1714; rpt., New York: Franklin, 1968).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "PALAQUESSON INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 24, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.