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PASQUAL INDIANS. In 1940 J. R. Swanton placed the name Pasqual on a list of Indian groups he thought might have spoken the Coahuilteco language. He had obtained it from Herbert Eugene Bolton's 1910 list of Indian groups represented at San Antonio de Valero Mission of San Antonio. Since Bolton's time no one has been able to find Pasqual entered as an ethnic name in the Valero registers or in any other documents pertaining to southern Texas. Pasqual (or Pascual) was often recorded as the Spanish personal name of male Indians at Valero. Bolton either mistook a personal name for an ethnic name or misread a variant of some other ethnic name. It is doubtful that there was an Indian group in southern Texas known by the name Pasqual.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "PASQUAL INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed October 13, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.