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PERPEPUG INDIANS. In the middle eighteenth century this band lived along the lower Rio Grande below the area of present Rio Grande City. The maps of Jiménez Moreno and G. Saldivar show them on the north bank of the river in what is now Zapata County, but the documents give only a general location. The name is said to mean "white heads," which suggests some distinctive form of head decoration, perhaps painting or a special kind of head dress.


Gabriel Saldivar, Los Indios de Tamaulipas (Mexico City: Pan American Institute of Geography and History, 1943).

Thomas N. Campbell

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "PERPEPUG INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed December 01, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.