PIGUIQUE INDIANS. The Piguique (Piguicane, Pihuique) Indians are known only during the eighteenth century, and there is some doubt about their linguistic status. They lived along the Texas coast between the San Antonio and Nueces rivers and seasonally visited the offshore islands, particularly St. Joseph's Island and Mustang Island. This territory was a boundary zone between Karankawan and Coahuiltecan speakers. Since no sample of Piguique speech has survived, it is possible to argue that these people were either Karankawan or Coahuiltecan. However, the documentary evidence seems to indicate that they were Coahuiltecan in speech. Their earlier associations were with Coahuiltecan bands, particularly the Pamaques and the Pasnacanes. In fact, some Spanish writers say that the Piguique, Pasnacane, and Viayan Indians were subdivisions of the Pamaque Indians. The Piguiques appear to have been associated with Karankawan groups somewhat later in time. After their numbers had been greatly reduced by epidemics of measles and smallpox, the Piguique Indians entered several missions in both northeastern Mexico and southern Texas. Some went to San Francisco Vizarron Mission south of the Rio Grande; others went to Nuestra Señora del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga and Nuestra Señora del Refugio missions near the coast; and still others went to certain San Antonio missions-Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña and San Juan Capistrano. The ethnic identity of the Piguique Indians was lost after abandonment or secularization of these various missions.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Piguique Indians," accessed February 22, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmp68.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.