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POLACME INDIANS. The Polacme (Polame) Indians seem to have been eastern Concho Indians who in the early eighteenth century lived at the town of Nuestra Señora de Guadalupeqv on the south bank of the Rio Grande near the site of present Presidio. In 1693 the Polacmes were listed among the "nations" that lived north of the Rio Grande in this area. During the eighteenth century the Polacme Indians appear to have been absorbed by the Spanish-speaking population of northern Chihuahua.


Charles W. Hackett, ed., Historical Documents Relating to New Mexico, Nueva Vizcaya, and Approaches Thereto, to 1773 (3 vols., Washington: Carnegie Institution, 1923–37). J. Charles Kelley, "Factors Involved in the Abandonment of Certain Peripheral Southwestern Settlements," American Anthropologist 54 (July-September 1952). Reginald C. Reindorp, The Founding of Missions at La Junta de los Ríos, Supplementary Studies of the Texas Catholic Historical Society 1.1 (1938). Carl Sauer, The Distribution of Aboriginal Tribes and Languages in Northwestern Mexico (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1934).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "POLACME INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 27, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.