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QUIGUAYA INDIANS. The Quiguaya Indians are known from a single Spanish missionary report (1691), which identifies them as enemies of the Hasinai Indians of eastern Texas. The Quiguayas seem to have lived to the west of the Hasinais. Although it cannot yet be demonstrated, the Quiguaya Indians seem to have been the same people as the Quiouahas, reported in documents (1687) pertaining to the La Salle expedition as enemies of the Kadohadachos on the Red River. The Quiouahas have been erroneously identified with the Kiowa Indians, who did not enter the Texas area until the nineteenth century. The affiliations of both Quiguaya and Quiouaha Indians remain unknown.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Pierre Margry, ed., Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l'ouest et dans le sud de l'Amérique septentrionale, 1614–1754 (6 vols., Paris: Jouast, 1876–86). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "QUIGUAYA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed October 10, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.