QUITACA INDIANS. The Quitaca Indians were one of twenty Indian groups that joined Juan Domínguez de Mendoza on his journey from El Paso to the vicinity of present San Angelo in 1683–84. Mendoza did not indicate at what point the Quitacas joined his party. In a Spanish document of 1771 the Quitacas were mentioned as having signed a peace treaty with the Spanish, along with the Tawakoni, Yscani, and Cantona groups, all of whom are considered to be Wichitas. If these were the same Quitacas mentioned by Domínguez de Mendoza, then the Quitacas can be identified as a Wichita people and it can be stated that Wichita groups were ranging much farther west in the seventeenth than in the eighteenth century. This identification negates J. R. Swanton's classification of the Quitacas as Coahuiltecan.
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Quitaca Indians," accessed May 24, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmq17.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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