- JOIN | SUPPORT TSHA
QUITACA INDIANS. The Quitaca Indians were one of twenty Indian groups that joined Juan Domínguez de Mendoza on his journey from El Paso to the vicinity of present San Angelo in 1683–84. Mendoza did not indicate at what point the Quitacas joined his party. In a Spanish document of 1771 the Quitacas were mentioned as having signed a peace treaty with the Spanish, along with the Tawakoni, Yscani, and Cantona groups, all of whom are considered to be Wichitas. If these were the same Quitacas mentioned by Domínguez de Mendoza, then the Quitacas can be identified as a Wichita people and it can be stated that Wichita groups were ranging much farther west in the seventeenth than in the eighteenth century. This identification negates J. R. Swanton's classification of the Quitacas as Coahuiltecan.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:Bexar Archives, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). William W. Newcomb, The Indians of Texas (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1961). John R. Swanton, The Indian Tribes of North America (Gross Pointe, Michigan: Scholarly Press, 1968).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Quitaca Indians," accessed April 26, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmq17.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.