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RIO COLORADO INDIANS. In the seventeenth century Rio Colorado was the New Mexico Spanish name for the Canadian River of present New Mexico and Texas. Certain Indians on this river became known as Rio Colorado Indians. It is clear that they were Apaches, and it seems likely that they formed one of the early Lipan Apache bands of northwestern Texas and northeastern New Mexico.


Albert H. Schroeder, A Study of the Apache Indians: The Mescalero Apaches, Part III, Vol. 1 (New York: Garland, 1974). Alfred B. Thomas, After Coronado: Spanish Exploration Northeast of New Mexico, 1696–1717 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1935).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "RIO COLORADO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 28, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.