Members Only Area
Bookmark and Share
sidebar menu icon


SALAPAQUE INDIANS. In the middle eighteenth century the Salapaque (Alapagueme, Saulapaguet, Talapagueme, Zalapagueme) Indians, apparently a Coahuiltecan band, lived on both sides of the lower Rio Grande but mainly on the south side at various points between Matamoros and Reynosa in northern Tamaulipas. Some entered missions at Reynosa and Camargo, where they remained until well after 1800; others entered San José y San Miguel de Aguayo Mission in San Antonio and were there as late as 1790.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Alejandro Prieto, Historia, geografía y estadística del estado de Tamaulipas (Mexico City: Tip. Escalerillas, 1873; rpt., Mexico City: M. Porrúa, 1975). Gabriel Saldivar, Los Indios de Tamaulipas (Mexico City: Pan American Institute of Geography and History, 1943). Rudolph C. Troike, "Notes on Coahuiltecan Ethnography," Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 32 (1962).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "SALAPAQUE INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 24, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.