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SAMA INDIANS. The Sama Indians are known only from records pertaining to San Antonio de Valero Mission at San Antonio. It seems clear that the Sama Indians were not the same as the Sanas. The Samas were among the Indians for whom the mission was founded in 1719, and one document states that their language was the same as that of the Payayas, which was Coahuiltecan. The Sana Indians did not enter this mission until the 1740s, and it is also known that their language was not Coahuiltecan.


Jack Autrey Dabbs, trans., The Texas Missions in 1785 (Preliminary Studies of the Texas Catholic Historical Society 3.6 [January 1940]). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "SAMA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 29, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.