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SANIPAO INDIANS. These are Coahuiltecan Indians whose aboriginal location remains unknown. In 1755 the Sanipaos appeared at Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña Mission of San Antonio, where they lived until at least 1790. It is possible that the name Sanipao is a variant of Sampanal, the name of another Coahuiltecan group that lived along the southern margin of the Edwards Plateau in the late seventeenth century.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). John R. Swanton, The Indian Tribes of North America (Gross Pointe, Michigan: Scholarly Press, 1968).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "SANIPAO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 24, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.