Members Only Area
Bookmark and Share
sidebar menu icon


SANIPAO INDIANS. These are Coahuiltecan Indians whose aboriginal location remains unknown. In 1755 the Sanipaos appeared at Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña Mission of San Antonio, where they lived until at least 1790. It is possible that the name Sanipao is a variant of Sampanal, the name of another Coahuiltecan group that lived along the southern margin of the Edwards Plateau in the late seventeenth century.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). John R. Swanton, The Indian Tribes of North America (Gross Pointe, Michigan: Scholarly Press, 1968).

Thomas N. Campbell

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "SANIPAO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed December 01, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.