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SEMONAN INDIANS. The Semonan Indians are known from a single Spanish document (1690), which indicates only that these Indians lived somewhere between Monclova, Coahuila, and eastern Texas. J. R. Swanton doubtfully included them in his list of Coahuiltecan bands. The Semonans have been equated with the Tsepehoens and the Serecoutchas, two groups named in records of the La Salle expedition, but no evidence other than presumed sound correspondences has been presented to support these identifications. The location and affiliations of the Semonan Indians remain undetermined.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "SEMONAN INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed October 06, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.