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SUAJO INDIANS. The Suajo Indians were one of twenty Indian groups that joined Juan Domínguez de Mendoza on his journey from El Paso to the vicinity of present San Angelo in 1683–84. Since Mendoza did not indicate at what point the Suajos joined his party, it is difficult to make statements about their range and affiliation. However, the Indians between the Pecos River and the San Angelo area were being hard pressed by Apaches at this time, and it may be that the Suajos ranged somewhere between these two localities. It is also possible that the Suajo Indians were the same people as the Suahuaches, who in 1693 were reported in northeastern Coahuila. This identification is suggested by Mendoza's statement that "some nations departed toward their land with the Indian who governed them, who is a Christian and is proficient in the Mexican language and in Castilian." If the two are the same a Coahuiltecan language is indicated.


Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "SUAJO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 27, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.