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SAN FRANCISCO INDIANS. The name San Francisco is derived from Rancho de San Francisco, an eighteenth-century Spanish ranch located some forty miles southeast of San Antonio. When he was in San Antonio in 1775, Juan Agustín Morfi reported that seventeen people were living on this ranch, but he said nothing about their ethnic identity. In Hodge's Handbook of American Indians these seventeen individuals were referred to as San Francisco Indians. Since no one has found a primary Spanish document that refers to San Francisco Indians in southern Texas, it appears that this ethnic designation is a spurious creation of modern scholars.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). J. A. Morfi, Viaje de indios y diario del Nuevo México (Mexico City: Bibliofilo Mexicanos, 1935). Robert S. Weddle and Robert H. Thonhoff, Drama and Conflict: The Texas Saga of 1776 (Austin: Madrona, 1976).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "SAN FRANCISCO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 24, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.