SAN FRANCISCO INDIANS
SAN FRANCISCO INDIANS. The name San Francisco is derived from Rancho de San Francisco, an eighteenth-century Spanish ranch located some forty miles southeast of San Antonio. When he was in San Antonio in 1775, Juan Agustín Morfi reported that seventeen people were living on this ranch, but he said nothing about their ethnic identity. In Hodge's Handbook of American Indians these seventeen individuals were referred to as San Francisco Indians. Since no one has found a primary Spanish document that refers to San Francisco Indians in southern Texas, it appears that this ethnic designation is a spurious creation of modern scholars.
Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). J. A. Morfi, Viaje de indios y diario del Nuevo México (Mexico City: Bibliofilo Mexicanos, 1935). Robert S. Weddle and Robert H. Thonhoff, Drama and Conflict: The Texas Saga of 1776 (Austin: Madrona, 1976).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "SAN FRANCISCO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bms51), accessed February 12, 2016. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles