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TILPACOPAL INDIANS. The Tilpacopal, Pajalat, and Siquipil Indians were three Coahuiltecan bands for whom Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña Mission was established at San Antonio in 1731. The aboriginal location of the Tilpacopals remains unknown, but it seems likely that they ranged the area south of the Edwards Plateau.


Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1915; rpt., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "TILPACOPAL INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 28, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.