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TOAPA AND TOAPARI INDIANS. These names are known from a single Spanish document of 1683 that identifies them as friends of the Jumano Indians, a tribe noted for wide travel across Texas. It seems likely that both lived somewhere in west central Texas. Their affiliations remain unknown.


Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "TOAPA AND TOAPARI INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 25, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.