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TOPACOLME INDIANS. The Topacolme (Tapacolme, Tapalcolme) Indians, apparently a Concho group, lived in Trans-Pecos Texas in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. They seem to have lived on both sides of the Rio Grande in the vicinity of future Redford. Since a settlement of the Pescado Indians was known as Tapalcolme, it seems likely that Pescado was an alternate name for the Topacolmes.


Charles W. Hackett, ed., Historical Documents Relating to New Mexico, Nueva Vizcaya, and Approaches Thereto, to 1773 (3 vols., Washington: Carnegie Institution, 1923–37). J. Charles Kelley, "Factors Involved in the Abandonment of Certain Peripheral Southwestern Settlements," American Anthropologist 54 (July-September 1952). J. Charles Kelley, "The Historic Indian Pueblos of La Junta de Los Rios," New Mexico Historical Review 27, 28 (October 1952, January 1953). Carl Sauer, The Distribution of Aboriginal Tribes and Languages in Northwestern Mexico (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1934).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "TOPACOLME INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 24, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.