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TOV INDIANS. The Tov Indians are known only from San Antonio de Valero Mission at San Antonio shortly before this mission was secularized in the late eighteenth century. It seems likely that Tov is a variant of either Top or Tup. It is reported that Tup Indians entered the mission sometime after 1755. It is still uncertain whether Top and Tup refer to two separate groups or to a single group.


Jack Autrey Dabbs, trans., The Texas Missions in 1785 (Preliminary Studies of the Texas Catholic Historical Society 3.6 [January 1940]). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "TOV INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed October 09, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.