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TSEPEHOEN INDIANS. The Tsepehoen (Tsepcoen, Tsepechoen, Tsepehouen) Indians are known only from records of the La Salle expedition. These documents indicate that in the late seventeenth century the Tsepehoen lived inland well to the north or northeast of Matagorda Bay, probably near the Brazos River. They have been equated with the Semonans, who are known only in Spanish documents, but there is no evidence other than partial sound correspondences to support this identification. It seems likely that the two are unrelated. In some Spanish sources Tsepehoen appears as Tsepechoen frercutea, but this is an erroneous combination of two separate names, Tsepehoen and Fercutea, which are separated by a comma in French sources. The affiliations of the Tsepehoen remain undetermined.


Isaac Joslin Cox, ed., The Journeys of René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (2 vols., New York: Barnes, 1905; 2d ed., New York: Allerton, 1922). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Henri Joutel, Joutel's Journal of La Salle's Last Voyage (London: Lintot, 1714; rpt., New York: Franklin, 1968).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "TSEPEHOEN INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 25, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.