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TUSANE INDIANS. The Tusane (Tuzane) Indians are known only from San Juan Bautista Mission near the site of future Eagle Pass. Since they were also referred to as Carrizos, a name frequently applied to Coahuiltecan bands along the Rio Grande below Laredo, it is believed that they originally ranged that area. The name Tusonid also occurs in the records of San Juan Bautista and may be a variant of Tusane.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Esteban L. Portillo, Apuntes para la historia antigua de Coahuila y Texas (Saltillo: Tipografía "El Golfo de México" de Severo Fernández, 1886). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "TUSANE INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 28, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.