TUEIENZUM INDIANS. The name Tueienzum is here used to replace several similar names that have long been considered to be names for separate and distinct Indian groups, namely, Jueinzum (a misreading of Tueinzum), Tonzaumacagua, Tumpzi, and Vitzummo. The first three of these names are evidently variants of a single ethnic name; the registers of San Antonio de Valero Mission of San Antonio record them for the same Indian individual, an adult female who is identifiable in five register entries between the years 1725 and 1730. She was the only Tueienzum recorded at the mission. The fourth name, Vitzummo, refers to an Indian group seen in 1717 by Louis Juchereau de St. Denis on the Brazos River in the vicinity of present Milam and Robertson counties. These Vitzummo Indians were sharing the same foraging territory with remnants of three other groups: Ervipiames, Muruams, and Xarames, all of whom were later represented in considerable numbers at San Antonio de Valero Mission. It is known that the Ervipiame, Muruam, and Xarame Indians were not native to the area in which they were seen by St. Denis in 1717; they had migrated from areas farther to the south and southwest. As no documents indicate that the Vitzummos were migrants, they may have been native to the eastern part of Central Texas. The names Tueienzum (Spanish rendition) and Vitzummo (French rendition) are here equated because of sound correspondences and because some of the Ervipiame, Muruam, and Xarame individuals at San Antonio de Valero Mission can be identified as having come to the mission from the same Brazos River area in which the Vitzummo were seen in 1717. As no linguistic information was ever recorded for the Tueienzum Indians, the language they spoke remains unknown. J. R. Swanton's early speculation that the names Jueinzum, Tonzaumacagua, and Tumpzi refer to three different Indian groups who may have spoken the Coahuilteco language now appears to be unreasonable.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Tueienzum Indians," accessed September 28, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmt92.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.