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UTACA INDIANS. In the late seventeenth century Utaca Indians were reported as living on both sides of the Rio Grande in western Texas and adjoining Mexico. Their locations were never specified. In one document the Utacas were listed among tribes that lived between Durango, Mexico, and the area of present Presidio, Texas; in another document they were listed among Texas tribes who were known to the Jumano Indians, a group that traveled widely in Texas. Although proof is lacking, the Utaca Indians of these documents may be the same as the Quitacas encountered during the same period by Juan Domínguez de Mendoza on his journey from El Paso to the vicinity of San Angelo. These Quitacas seem to have been related to the Wichita Indians of later times.


Charles W. Hackett, ed., Historical Documents Relating to New Mexico, Nueva Vizcaya, and Approaches Thereto, to 1773 (3 vols., Washington: Carnegie Institution, 1923–37). Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "UTACA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 28, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.