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VANCA INDIANS. This group is known from one chance meeting with Spanish travelers near the end of the seventeenth century. At this time the Vanca Indians and several other Coahuiltecan bands ranged over the Nueces-Frio area between San Antonio and Eagle Pass.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "VANCA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 27, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.