VAQUERO INDIANS. The name Vaquero ("cow people") was applied by the Spanish to the nomadic bison-hunting Indians of present northwestern Texas and eastern New Mexico during the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. They were evidently the same as the Querecho Indians reported earlier in the same area by members of the Coronado expedition. It is generally believed that the Vaqueros were ancestral to the Apaches who later became known as Mescalero and Lipan, particularly the latter.
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Vaquero Indians," accessed October 27, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmv02.
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