- JOIN | SUPPORT TSHA
YAKWAL INDIANS. The Yakwal (Tonkawa for "drifted ones") Indians are known only from Tonkawa folklore. According to a legend collected by A. S. Gatschet, part of the Tonkawa Indians were once isolated by land submergence on the Texas coast. Many years later the main body of Tonkawas found these people living near present Galveston and called them Yakwals. It is not known how much historical truth remains in this traditional record. A. F. Sjoberg has suggested that Yakwal may refer to the Mayeye Indians, a Tonkawan group that joined the Karankawas near the coast in the late eighteenth century.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). A. F. Sjoberg, "The Culture of the Tonkawa, A Texas Indian," Texas Journal of Science 5 (September 1953).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Yakwal Indians," accessed April 30, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmy01.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.